The Conservation Value of Coral Reef Biodiversity for the MPA surrounding the Chagos Archipelago
In 2015 the third major bleaching event struck corals reefs globally. According to previous records this was the longest, most widespread and damaging event ever to occur. Unfortunately, both in 2015 and 2016 the Marine Protected Area (MPA) surrounding the Chagos Archipelago was not spared and suffered from back-to-back abnormally high temperatures resulting in severe bleaching and subsequent coral mortality across the whole archipelago.
The Chagos Archipelago’s coral reefs are already showing signs of recovery as juvenile corals appear on the bare skeletons of dead colonies, which are believed to be driven by a high connectivity between atolls. To fully understand these patterns of recovery, we are investigating the population structure of corals across the Chagos Archipelago using genomic techniques. Moreover, we are interested in studying hydrodynamics and temperature regimes surround the archipelago’s reefs in order to better understand the drivers of larval dispersal, population structure and coral reef resilience.
In this region, there is an important proportion of developing countries that directly depend on coral reefs for their citizens’ livelihoods, food security and coastal protection. Yet, the coral reefs of the Indian Ocean are understudied when compared to other regions.
Coral reefs with fewer human impacts and healthy and diverse fish populations recover more quickly from both natural and man-made disturbance events.
The Heat is on for the Survival of Chagos Archipelago’s Coral Reefs
UN: Overfishing and Climate Change are Main Threats to Marine Biodiversity
Research is Essential to Maximise Benefits of Marine Protected Areas
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Application of Earth Observation Data and Google Earth Engine for Monitoring Coral Reef Exposure to Environmental Stressors
Williamson, M.J., Tebbs, E.J., Thompson, H.J., Dawson, T.P., Head, C.E.I. and Jacoby, D.M.P. (2021) Application of earth observation data and Google Earth Engine for monitoring coral reef exposure to environmental stressors. Remote Sensing.
Mesophotic Coral Ecosystems in the Chagos Archipelago
Andradi-Brown, D. A., Dinesen, Z., Head, C. E., Tickler, D. M., Rowlands, G., & Rogers, A. D. (2019). The Chagos Archipelago. In Mesophotic Coral Ecosystems (pp. 215-229). Springer, Cham.
Coral bleaching Impacts from Back-to-Back 2015-2016 Thermal Anomalies in the Remote Central Indian Ocean
Head, C. E., Bayley, D. T., Rowlands, G., Roche, R. C., Tickler, D. M., Rogers, A. D., … & Andradi-Brown, D. A. (2019). Coral bleaching impacts from back-to-back 2015–2016 thermal anomalies in the remote central Indian Ocean. Coral Reefs, 38(4), 605-618.
Trait and Phylogenetic Diversity Provide Insights into Community Assembly of Reef-Associated Shrimp (Palaemonidae) at Different Spatial Scales across the Chagos Archipelago
Head, C. E., Koldewey, H., Pavoine, S., Pratchett, M. S., Rogers, A. D., Taylor, M. L., & Bonsall, M. B. (2018). Trait and phylogenetic diversity provide insights into community assembly of reef‐associated shrimps (Palaemonidae) at different spatial scales across the Chagos Archipelago. Ecology and evolution, 8(8), 4098-4107.
Exceptional Biodiversity of the Cryptofaunal Decapods in the Chagos Archipelago, central Indian Ocean
Head, C. E. I., Bonsall, M. B., Koldewey, H., Jenkins, T. L., Pratchett, M. S., and Rogers, A. D. (2018). Exceptional biodiversity of the cryptofaunal decapods in the Chagos Archipelago, central Indian Ocean. Marine Pollution Bulletin.